You will find out about all the exciting stuff going on with the RSPB in the east of the UK. We cover our sites in the following counties: Norfolk, Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, and some of our great Lincolnshire ones. So if you are if you have never heard of the Strumpshaws and Snettishams or Stour Estuary or Sutton Fens here is you chance.
Photo: Martin Smith, by Sam Lee (RSPB)
Burnham Wick Farm is a medium-sized arable farm. Since Martin Smith took over its management in 2003, he has worked hard to develop a thriving arable environment, whilst promoting habitat diversity. An appreciation of farmland wildlife and its coexistence alongside productive farming has clearly been a strong motivation for Martin’s work.
In recognition of his achievements, the farm has previous won the Farming and Wildlife Advisory Group’s Farming and Conservation competition and a Nature of Farming award. The farm is also signed up to the Countryside Stewardship scheme at entry level.
In 2014, Martin and the RSPB worked together to develop a feeding plot for turtle doves on the farm. These migratory farmland birds have suffered a catastrophic 93 per cent decline since the 1970s and are in desperate need of support to reverse the trend. Their decline is linked to many factors, including a shortage of summer seed on farmland and the loss of habitat on wintering and breeding grounds. But because Suffolk and Essex support almost 30 per cent of the UK breeding turtle dove population*, conservation actions are vital in this region.
At Burnham Wick Farm, a feeding ground has been established with accessible, seed-rich plants. One of the turtle dove’s favourite food sources is the pink-flowering furmitory. The planting is not too dense – as the birds need to be able to retrieve the seeds from open ground. A water supply is also located nearby.
As well as habitat for turtle doves, a scrape for waders has helped numbers of nesting lapwings to increase, and overwinter stubble and supplementary feeding helps birds on the farm during the winter months.
Simple measures like these can make a huge difference to wildlife, much of which is dependent upon farmland for its survival. By working together, the RSPB and farmers can identify practical, sustainable wildlife-friendly farming techniques.
*data provided by BTO Bird Atlas 2007-11
Find out how you can help turtle doves
As I watched the first week of BBC Springwatch last month (is it June already?!), it was impossible not to marvel at the technical and cultural achievement of the series' producers in painting this intimate portrait of our native wildlife. Familiar recurring characters the blue tits and wrens sit alongside new cast members like the leverets (young hares) and little owl on our TV screens, while the perennially engaging presenters explain and interpret in effusive style. But between the inspiring story of the black-tailed godwit chicks being given a head-start by conservationists in the Cambridgeshire Fens, and the revelation – shocking to some – that even sheep occasionally get a taste for the eggs of ground nesting waders, I couldn't help feeling like there was something missing.
Where were the turtle doves?
Then it struck me, "Have they ever had turtle doves on Springwatch?", as if it were a talk show and all it would take is a call to a turtle dove's agent to arrange an appearance.
"I'm sorry, my client's away at their winter home in Mali and won't be back until May – oh, the show airs in May-June? Great, we'll be there!"
Of course, it's not that easy, and it's not the fault of the programme's producers that in little more than a generation, turtle doves have gone from being a common sight and sound of summer to one of the rarest and most elusive migratory birds to breed in the British countryside.
In little more than a generation, turtle doves have gone from being a common sight and sound of summer to one of the rarest and most elusive migratory birds to breed in the British countryside. Photo: Les Bunyan (rspb-images.com)
Two years ago, turtle doves did in fact make a brief guest appearance on Springwatch, when RSPB scientists fitted a satellite tag to a male dove they named Titan. It was by following Titan's journey from Suffolk to Senegal and back that the route taken by turtle doves that breed in the UK – south through France and Spain, across the Strait of Gibraltar, across arid Morocco and Western Sahara, to tropical West Africa – was first confirmed.
Momentous as this breakthrough was, turtle doves have yet to make a return to Springwatch, let alone get on the roster of regulars. It's not just that there aren't that many around. They make their nests in the deepest densest scrub and hedgerows they can find, and apart from when the males are singing to attract a mate, they prefer to keep a low profile.There is hope for turtle doves though.
Last month saw the launch in Europe of a new continent-wide action plan to help reverse the long-term decline in turtle dove numbers. This plan focused on the need for feeding and nesting habitat to be restored across the farmed countryside where turtle doves breed throughout Europe, but it also recommended a temporary end to hunting in those countries where turtle doves are still a quarry species, until a sustainable level of hunting can be determined. This may just give turtle doves the respite they need for habitat restoration to start taking effect and increasing their numbers for the first time in 50 years.
The Operation Turtle Dove partnership has recently published new guidance for farmers in the UK to help provide supplementary food for hungry turtle doves in the summer, when they are in greatest need of energy to breed, feed and rear chicks. This and other initiatives to boost the birds' breeding success will be key to taking advantage of any relief turtle doves get from hunting in France and Spain.
Who knows, if British farming after Brexit is going to be better for nature and help reverse wildlife loss, as Michael Gove promises it will, turtle doves may yet have a future as Springwatch mainstays.
Find out more about Operation Turtle Dove's work to save turtle doves in the UK, Europe and Africa, including what you can do to help, at www.operationturtledove.org.
Visit a nature-friendly farm this Open Farm Sunday
This weekend, thousands of farmers around the country will be opening their gates and welcoming people onto their farms as part of a national open day for British food and farming. RSPB and Operation Turtle Dove Farm Conservation Advisors will be at Open Farm Sunday events on nature-friendly farms around the East of England to show people how farming can help wildlife like turtle doves.
Come and find us at the following farms:
For details of these and other LEAF Open Farm Sunday events visit www.farmsunday.org
Find out more about LEAF (Linking Environment And Farming) at www.leafuk.org
Author: Jeff Knott, RSPB in the East's Regional Director
Back in January, Theresa May launched Defra’s long-awaited 25 year environment plan. A plan slathered in promises to secure a generational turn around in the fortunes of our natural world. One key idea was to create a ‘world-leading environmental watchdog’ to ensure the interests of our environment had a strong voice in decision making.
This was a perfect opportunity to not only uphold our environmental laws, but also to deepen and improve their enforcement as we leave the EU. Any laws are only as effective as the institutions that enforce them, so a strong, independent body is crucial.
An effective ‘world-leading environmental watchdog’ would be one established through new legislation, which sets out ambitious new targets for nature’s recovery – so that governments and devolved bodies can be held to account.
Last week we anticipated its arrival, waiting to be ‘wowed.’ Would this new watchdog deliver for wildlife? Put simply: no.
The proposals do not pave the way for a world-leading environmental watchdog that the Prime Minister promised, in fact the proposals amount to little more than a toothless, green lapdog. Under current proposals, vital principles of environmental law will only be enshrined in UK policy, not law, meaning our environmental protections will be severely weakened.
This body would only have the ability to issue weak ‘advisory notices.’ These written notices would only request people to comply with the law, with no enforcement, or apparent consequences for those who refuse to comply. They’d have no real teeth and chances are they would just be ignored. Essentially, they’re little more than a written ticking off. It’s the environmental equivalent of writing a burglar a polite letter asking them to consider not robbing any more houses.
This lack of a strong voice for nature is already being felt. Natural England, our current environmental regulator has undergone a shift in their approach. Their emphasis seems to have shifted away from ensuring rules are complied with, and towards enabling and facilitation; asking where nature might be allowed to fit around other activities, rather than putting nature first. Natural England’s strength is being put to the test right here in our region, right now.
Just off the shore of Great Yarmouth, lies Scroby Sands. This sand bank acts as a sanctuary for wildlife. It is especially important for common terns and little terns, which struggle to find undisturbed areas to nest and breed on our coasts. Coated in seals, and dotted with seabirds, Scroby Sands continues to grow and develop its status as one of the best wildlife spectacles on the eastern coast.
Scroby Sands is a legally protected site of European importance for wildlife, and little terns (a species that has suffered chronic declines over the past 25 years) are a legally protected species. However, this summer even the sanctuary of Scroby Sands won’t remain untouched from human disturbance.
Great Yarmouth Air Show could pose major threats to wildlife, as a conservation organisation, we have raised our concerns since October 2016 to both Great Yarmouth Borough Council, the Civil Aviation Authority, and Natural England. We hope that Natural England, as a regulator, will act as a voice for nature and not assent the Air Show, during this sensitive time of the tern’s breeding season.
A strong voice for nature is vital to ensure our special places and wildlife are properly protected, now and in the future.
Luckily, the plans for the new regulatory body are not final, and the UK government have opened them up to consultation. As we hope Natural England will see sense and protect Scroby Sands, we hope the Government will see sense with a new regulator. Nature needs help and the RSPB will continue to speak up for its needs, but we need your help. To help our special species and places, please visit the RSPB website and join us in asking for an effective ‘world-leading environmental watchdog’, by signing up to add your voice at http://bit.ly/campaignchampion