By Alice Collier, Policy Officer
Following last week’s bad news, we promised some good news. A bit of #MondayMotivation is in order!
Last Wednesday, whilst making some seriously misguided decisions on bioenergy, the European Parliament did recognised that more coherence is needed between Europe’s energy development priorities and nature protection concerns. A number of important measures were included in the Clean Energy package of draft legislation, and, importantly, a damaging new proposal was rejected. MEPs also showed leadership with a strong call for a higher renewable energy target and a new strategy to tackle methane, a highly potent greenhouse gas.
As we continually highlight, climate change is one of the greatest risks to wildlife and so we must act quickly and effectively to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to address this challenge. However, badly planned renewable energy and power line projects can themselves be highly damaging to wildlife. Last week’s vote was a small but significant victory for our natural environment as the need to better reconcile renewable energy and biodiversity conservation was recognised (in part) by the European Parliament.
What have MEPs included in their position?
For the recast Renewable Energy Directive, MEPs have:
- supported strengthening the renewable energy target to 35%, improving the Commission proposal of 27%. Whilst still lower than the level necessary to deliver on the Paris agreement commitments (45% by 2030 would provide a greater chance of delivering net zero by 2050, the Parliament’s position is at least a step in the right direction.
- introduced a requirement for Member States to take a more strategic approach to renewable energy planning that includes spatial planning, and more specifically analysis of ecological risk.
In the Governance of the Energy Union Regulation, an important new regulation that will guide how Europe approaches the wider energy transition, they have:
- called for National Energy & Climate Plans to include assessment of nature protection impacts of policies and plans;
- rejected a damaging proposal that sought to confer priority status on large scale renewable energy projects, threatening to trample all over the very Nature Directive protections we have all fought so hard to maintain;
- supported establishing a new platform for dialogue between civil society, local authorities and governments
- backed plans for a specific strategy to tackle methane emissions in the EU - half of all greenhouse gas emissions come from livestock farming, and methane is also produced when natural gas is extracted and burned.
So, what next?
Before getting too excited, we must remember that while we may have won this battle, there is still a long way to go yet. Parliament will now enter negotiations with the Council representing national governments. Member States are yet to recognise the benefit to them individually, and collectively, of taking a strategic spatial approach to energy planning. Time and time again, we and our Birdlife partners across Europe continue to see badly-planned renewable energy projects come forward into the planning system as our governments gallop ahead with renewable energy delivery at lowest short-term cost.
The MEPs who will now enter into negotiations with the EU Council will need to stand strong on the need for this link up between energy planning and wider environmental concerns, to help ensure that Europe sets itself on a path to a truly sustainable energy future.
Taking nature and wider sustainability issues into account in energy planning isn’t just about protecting wildlife. If embraced by national governments during negotiations, the approach supported by parliament can:
- achieve emission reductions faster, by:
- reduce the need for mitigation, restoration and compensation by focusing on low impact sites
- highlight ecological data gaps and help target research efforts to reduce uncertainty
- help identify opportunities for multi-benefit projects that deliver biodiversity enhancement and clean energy
- deliver on multiple Sustainable Development Goals at once
- demonstrate open and transparent governance of the energy transition
It sounds like simple common sense for Governments to take an approach that would help deliver all this, doesn’t it? Here’s hoping they recognise the opportunity this legislation provides to set the European energy transition on the right track, before it is too late.
By Siteri Tikoca MSc, Conservation Officer, NatureFiji-MareqetiViti
Towards the end of September, 2017 I was offered an opportunity to be part of the UNFCCC COP23 meeting as the Pacific representative representing NatureFiji-MareqetiViti (NFMV) as part of the Birdlife International partnership. With support from our Birdlife International UK partner, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), I was able to be present throughout the two weeks of the conference from the 6th – 17th November. It was the World’s 23rd Conference of Parties and it was special as it was the first time a small island developing state (Fiji) played the leading presidency role.
I was quite excited as this would be a number of “firsts” for me. First time to step foot in Europe, first time being involved in an international conference of this scale where important representatives from almost 200 countries meet to discuss the world’s most present and pressing issue and threat; climate change. This is only my 2nd year working in the area of conservation, as the Conservation Officer with Fiji’s only local membership-based conservation NGO, NatureFiji-MareqetiViti hence this was going to be my first COP!
I didn’t know what to expect from the conference, I wasn’t aware of the processes, I was quite nervous but at the same time excited by the huge learning opportunity this trip could provide to me personally and what I could bring back to benefit NFMV. I saw it as an opportunity to bring our native voices to that international platform and try our best to be heard for the sake of saving our home and the species that makes them special. On my first day, I was in awe of it all, the huge venues, the meeting spaces, the multicultural people and expertise present, everything!
In the second week I gave presentations at two side events based on challengers to natural heritage brought about by climate change and what NFMV was doing about it. I talked about the link between the iTaukei’s (native Fijians and its communities) to the “vanua” (the land, the diverse ecosystems and species within it, and its culture). My talk focused on current studies and conservation actions currently being conducted by NFMV on the ground to save some of Fiji’s endangered and endemic species which are also important totem species for a number of communities.
Most side events and panel discussions attended by the Birdlife International representatives (including myself) were focused on natural based solutions and ecosystem based adaptations. Attending these side events made me realise that there is a lot of work that still needs to be done in terms of natural adaptation and mitigation measures for climate change and helped me identify opportunities where NFMV can sort funding and help do our part in this fight against climate change.
I made a lot of new friends and built network that I thought was important for NatureFiji-MareqetiViti, moving forward. I had high hopes for the outcome of the conference as we (Fiji) were given a rare opportunity to guide negotiations, talks and commitment in the direction needed on behalf of all the small island developing states in the Pacific that do not have time for politics as our survival depended on it. I was quite disappointed at the outcome as no concrete commitments or agreements were reached about reduction of carbon emissions and an agenda was set for further discussions next year meaning that we’ll just have to wait another year, wasting time that, quite frankly, we don’t have!
I have learnt a lot of useful lessons from my participation in COP23. I have learnt that there are processes that have to be followed when trying to impact change at a global scale and change, irrespective of how important and necessary it is, takes a lot of time! I have learnt that sometimes people will not see things the way you see it because they are either ignorant or simply unaware of the realities in other parts of the world. I have learnt the power of speaking out in large numbers with one voice, and one loud message, I was able to see things from my Pacific neighbour’s point of view and learnt of the urgency and the need for everyone to work together and not think of themselves only. Also, that we can’t keep waiting for other nations to agree to do something. There are little things that we can start working on, and we should see how we can mobilise funds and resources on the ground to kick start these initiatives while waiting for the whole world to do their part! But that it is also important that we never lose hope!